“Fear and apathy bite deeper than any shark.”
— Jeffrey Gallant, M.Sc., ORS | GEERG
The St. Lawrence Shark Observatory (ORS) was officially founded as the Greenland Shark & Elasmobranch Education & Research Group (GEERG) in 2003 following three years of unprecedented exploration in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Saguenay Fjord, and the St. Lawrence Estuary. The ground-breaking expeditions resulted in the first cage dives with pelagic sharks in Canada in 2000, and the first dives with free-swimming Greenland sharks under natural conditions¹ in 2003. Today, ORS research and conservation activities no longer focus exclusively on the Greenland shark, but also on the many shark, skate and ray species that inhabit the St. Lawrence Gulf and Estuary, the Saguenay Fjord, Atlantic Canada, and the Arctic Ocean.
¹ Multi-year (2003-2012) non-invasive shark observation conducted without the use of attractants, capturing, or restraints. All encounters initiated and terminated by the sharks.
Our mission to study the sharks of the St. Lawrence, including the world’s oldest vertebrate, the Greenland shark, began in 1999. Help us do more.
ORS | GEERG is a not-for-profit registered Canadian charity that requires financial assistance from corporations and private citizens to conduct field operations. All donations are tax deductible in Canada (Canada Revenue Agency Registration Number: 834462913RR0001).
The Sharks of the St. Lawrence
At least seven shark species are known to frequent the St. Lawrence Gulf and Estuary but only the Greenland shark and the black dogfish remain year-round¹. None are new or unusual visitors. All seven species have likely been frequented the St. Lawrence since the end of the last ice age, some 10,000 years ago. The St. Lawrence is also home to at least seven species of skate and one ray. New elasmobranch species will likely be reported in the near future as the St. Lawrence continues to warm due to climate change.
¹ Two recent winter captures of the spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias) in the Saguenay Fjord call into question the species’ status as a seasonal (summertime) resident.
12 m (40′)
June to September
7.1 m (23′)
July to October
Estuary: Very rare
7.3 m (24′)
3.83 m (12.6′)
July to September
Estuary: Very rare
3.6 m (12′)
June to October
1.24 m (4′)
July to September¹
¹ Exceptional winter captures in the Saguenay Fjord.
0.9 m (3′)